Bad Warrior, Eagle Butte, 1922

Bad Warrior

Bad Warrior


Bad Warrior p.2

By switching focus from the Cherry Creek district to Eagle Butte it is possible to offer some photographs of people. This is due to the fact that there are more photographs in general from the other districts than for the Cherry Creek district. Also, apparently  people were more cooperative with the survey takers and photographer–no, I do not know the identities of these government employees for the 1922 survey.  According to the survey Bad Warrior had sold some land.  I think the house itself speaks to the issue of prosperity.  And in an attempt to address certain potential questions–hunger often prompted the slaughter of cattle before the time deemed appropriate by the district’s Head Farmer. Head Farmers were White men who were put in charge of teaching White agricultural and cattle raising practices to Indian people.  But this was not the beginning nor the end of the scope of the Head Farmers’ duties–one might consider them the social/cultural/legal enforcement authorities of assimilation policy.  Many of them made it their business to know, in order to control, every aspect of the lives of the Indian Wards of the Government. Some were good people—and others were not so decent.

All materials are in the public domain from the National Archives in Kansas City, MO.  Documents are from Record Group 75. These documents are posted in order to make them available to people who would not otherwise have access to them. They are  posted with much respect for the people represented.  This information is also presented in order to educate and inform others about the living conditions on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation in 1922, South Dakota.  

Shanti Om


  1. October 23, 2010 at 8:43 am

    Long time viewer / 1st time poster. Really enjoying reading the blog, keep up the excellent work. Will definitely start posting more in the future.

    • October 24, 2010 at 9:12 pm

      Greetings Leisha. Nice of you to wave. I appreciate your kind words very much. Post when/if you’re so inclined.

  2. artistatexit0 said,

    October 14, 2010 at 3:23 am

    I found myself reading this document in several ways. First I read only the words in bold black and then I reversed this. For me, it created this odd incomprehensible poem that I wondered mirrored the reaction these poor people must have felt…dislocated by language and in an unfamiliar land?

    • October 15, 2010 at 6:03 pm

      “Dislocated” is a good word. I would offer total disorientation via non parralell culture, values, language and world views. Unfamiliar and incomprehensible land indeed, Al.
      Your reading process is very interesting. Have tried it myself. It has a peculiar effect, doesn’t it?

  3. slpmartin said,

    October 13, 2010 at 1:47 am

    I must admit that as I read these…it brings to mind all of the distorted history that has been written and passed down as fact….how sad the levels of lies woven into our history. Thanks for this.

    • Posky said,

      October 15, 2010 at 2:30 am

      I love anything old and it’s interesting to see a piece of bizarre history like this. I am really glad you shared this. It offers up something that I think people probably do not think about or even consider as having occurred.

      • October 15, 2010 at 5:56 pm

        Oh you are so on target, Posky. Imagine my shock when I found this set of surveys WITH photographs. The photos totally assualted me en masse because of finally having images of people and their homes. Unfortunately time has not been much kinder to the people who are still living on the reservations.

    • October 15, 2010 at 6:01 pm

      Charles, oh yes, much of the information contained in Record Group 75 regarding the ‘indoctrination’ process is very very dark stuff. Who in America would stand for people forcibly removing young children for years and years from their families without visits even when the children or the parents were ill and dying? If anyone wants to know where government control can lead to—well–the proof is in the highest rates of suicide, mortality, unemployment, diabetes in the entire country for Native Americans.

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